Periodontal disease is an infection that attacks the tissue and bone structure that supports your teeth. The sulcus is a shallow u-shaped crevice located between the tooth and gums. Gum disease attacks just below the gum line in the sulcus where the supporting tissue and attachments of the tooth begin to breakdown. As the supporting tissues are damaged by the infection, the sulcus begins to develop a pocket. The depth and magnitude of the pocket depend on the severity and advancement of the periodontal disease. Periodontal classifications are determined by the severity of the disease. The two major stages of gum disease are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is a milder form of periodontal disease that only affects the gums. Gingivitis may lead to more serious, destructive forms of periodontal disease called periodontitis. Treatment methods of periodontal disease depend on the severity and extent of its progress.

Some risk factors that can increase the likelihood of developing periodontal disease:

All forms of tobacco use
Systemic diseases such as diabetes.
Some types of medication such as steroids, some types of anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, some calcium channel blockers and oral contraceptives.
Poor fitting bridges.
Crooked teeth.
Defective fillings.

Warning signs of periodontal disease:

Gums that bleed easily and frequently.
Red, swollen, tender gums.
Gums that have developed pockets in the sulcus or tissue separation from tooth.
Persistent bad breath or odd taste.
Permanent teeth that have become loose.
Changes in your natural bite or the way your teeth fit together.
Changes in the fitting of existing partial dentures.

It is possible to have periodontal disease without have any signs of its presence. That is why regular checkups with your dental provider are crucial to avoiding periodontal disease. Good home care and maintenance can help ensure that you maintain beautiful and healthy gums. Regular brushing, flossing, balanced diet, and regular dental visits can provide for a lifetime of healthy, beautiful smiles.

Longmont Dentist in Longmont, Colorado. We make beautiful smiles easy. Quality dental care provided by Dr. Bruce Howell. Providing a wide array of dental procedures including cleanings, checkups, crowns and veneers, Invisalign, cosmetic dentistry and digital x-rays, Bonding/White Fillings, Bridges, Crowns, Hygiene/Periodontal Health, Teeth Whitening, Veneers, Dental Implants, Dentures/Partial Dentures, Extractions, Braces, TMJ Headache, Cosmetic Dentist, Cosmetic Dentistry, Implants, Whitening and many other services. All of this available in our convenient Dentist office in Longmont, CO. Also Serving: Firestone, Frederick, Erie, Mead, Berthoud, Lyons, Niwot.